As the name retrospection already tells us, we are talking about going back to the past. With retrospective film editing, we present one or more parts of the film that happened in the past. For transitions, we mostly use fade-in, fade-out, refocus, dissolve, etc. In modern art films, authors also use other creative solutions.
For brief or recurrent returns to the past, we use the expression “flashback”. Returning to the past with a flashback can be objective (we see the events as they really happened), subjective (as experienced by our hero or heroine) or fictional (dreaming about something that never happened). In the creative sense, a cut is often used to transition into a flashback. In this way, the viewer is at the beginning unprepared and doesn’t recognise the action in the past. This can be an efficient dramaturgical solution. A flash-forward is the opposite of a flashback. It means a leap into the future or a transition to events, which are yet to happen in a film. A flash-forward “breaks” the chronological narration and confuses viewers by presenting events from the future that viewers don’t know about yet. The mysteriousness of these events also makes the viewers curious, since they try to unravel their meaning.
Seveda Of course, we know many types of editing but we will not discuss them yet. To conclude, we will just mention some of them: editing of opposites, poetic editing, editing of attractions, editing of leitmotifs and many others.